A bricolage perspective on democratising innovation: the case of 3D printing in makerspaces

Abstract

The availability of digital technologies such as 3D printing can allow members of the public rather than only producers, to innovate. Makerspaces, where communities of individuals share access to such technologies may therefore support the democratisation of innovation. Yet little is known about how and why makerspace members use 3D printing to realise their creative and commercial ambitions. Through an ethnographic study, we identify a bricolage approach whereby makerspace members combine 3D printing with whatever resources are at hand in a makerspace, to generate innovations that otherwise may not be realised. In this context, we find bricolage entails synergy - combining resources in creative ways - and openness - a willingness to gather and share resources. We confirm that bricolage restricts commercial growth such that a need for more structured processes and perhaps a move away from makerspaces eventually becomes necessary. We contribute to theory by presenting makerspaces as a route to innovation in resource constrained contexts, or those in which neither a problem nor solution are clearly defined. This contrasts with crowdsourcing where problems but not solutions are defined, and R&D where both problem and expected solution are defined.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120453
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Operations & Information Management
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Advanced Services Group
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
Additional Information: © 2020, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ Funding: We acknowledge the support of the British Academy and Leverhulme for funding, provided under the Small Research Grant scheme (SRG\171063).
Uncontrolled Keywords: 3D printing,Bricolage,Crowdsourcing,Democratising,Do-it-yourself,Makerspace,Business and International Management,Applied Psychology,Management of Technology and Innovation
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Related URLs: https://www.sci ... 2798?via%3Dihub (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-02
Published Online Date: 2020-11-19
Accepted Date: 2020-11-06
Authors: Beltagui, Ahmad (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-2687-0971)
Sesis, Achilleas
Stylos, Nikolaos

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Version: Accepted Version

Access Restriction: Restricted to Repository staff only until 19 May 2022.

License: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives


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