Validity and reliability of a wearable insole pressure system for measuring gait parameters to identify safety hazards in construction


Purpose Construction workers are frequently exposed to safety hazards on sites. Wearable sensing systems (e.g. wearable inertial measurement units (WIMUs), wearable insole pressure system (WIPS)) have been used to collect workers' gait patterns for distinguishing safety hazards. However, the performance of measuring WIPS-based gait parameters for identifying safety hazards as compared to a reference system (i.e. WIMUs) has not been studied. Therefore, this study examined the validity and reliability of measuring WIPS-based gait parameters as compared to WIMU-based gait parameters for distinguishing safety hazards in construction. Design/methodology/approach Five fall-risk events were conducted in a laboratory setting, and the performance of the proposed approach was assessed by calculating the mean difference (MD), mean absolute error (MAE), mean absolute percentage error (MAPE), root mean square error (RMSE) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of five gait parameters. Findings Comparable results of MD, MAE, MAPE and RMSE were found between WIPS-based gait parameters and the reference system. Furthermore, all measured gait parameters had validity (ICC = 0.751) and test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.910) closer to 1, indicating a good performance of measuring WIPS-based gait parameters for distinguishing safety hazards. Research limitations/implications Overall, this study supports the relevance of developing a WIPS as a noninvasive wearable sensing system for identifying safety hazards on construction sites, thus highlighting the usefulness of its applications for construction safety research. Originality/value This is the first study to examine the performance of a wearable insole pressure system for identifying safety hazards in construction.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Engineering Systems and Supply Chain Management
Additional Information: © 2020 Emerald Publishing. This AAM is deposited under the CC BY-NC 4.0 licence. Any reuse is allowed in accordance with the terms outlined by the licence. To reuse the AAM for commercial purposes, permission should be sought by contacting
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gait parameters,Non-fatal fall injuries,Safety hazards,Wearable inertial measurement unit,Wearable insole pressure system,Civil and Structural Engineering,Architecture ,Building and Construction,Business, Management and Accounting(all)
Publication ISSN: 0969-9988
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2024 07:18
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2020 12:43
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Related URLs: https://www.eme ... -0330/full/html (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021-06-25
Published Online Date: 2020-09-15
Accepted Date: 2020-08-30
Authors: Antwi Afari, Maxwell Fordjour (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-6812-7839)
Li, Heng
Seo, JoonOh
Anwer, Shahnawaz
Yevu, Sitsofe Kwame
Wu, Zezhou


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