Optimal Distribution of Renewable Energy Systems Considering Aging and Long-Term Weather Effect in Net-Zero Energy Building Design


Generation system interruptions in net-zero energy buildings (NZEBs) may result in missing the net-zero targets by a great margin. Consequently, it is significant to incorporate a realistic reliability model for renewable energy systems (RESs) that considers aging and long-term weather conditions. This study proposed a robust design optimization method that deals with the selection of RES to achieve NZEB. Different case studies were evaluated: 1. Deterministic approach; 2. Markov chain-based reliability without the aging effect; 3. Markov chain-based reliability with the aging effect. The results showed that the optimal sizes of RES, considering the aging effect, were much larger than the other two cases based on the annual energy balance. Moreover, the consideration of the aging effect on the reliability assessment of the generation system for NZEB opens a pathway for a more robust and economic design of RES.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su12145570
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Engineering and Technology > Mechanical, Biomedical & Design
Additional Information: © 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Publication ISSN: 2071-1050
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.mdp ... 1050/12/14/5570 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2020-07-10
Accepted Date: 2020-07-07
Authors: Lu, Yuehong
Alghassab, Mohammed
Alvarez-alvarado, Manuel S.
Gunduz, Hasan
Khan, Zafar A.
Imran, Muhammad (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-3057-1301)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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