Towards a cross-cultural assessment of binge-watching: Psychometric evaluation of the “watching TV series motives” and “binge-watching engagement and symptoms” questionnaires across nine languages


In view of the growing interest regarding binge-watching (i.e., watching multiple episodes of television (TV) series in a single sitting) research, two measures were developed and validated to assess binge-watching involvement (“Binge-Watching Engagement and Symptoms Questionnaire”, BWESQ) and related motivations (“Watching TV Series Motives Questionnaire”, WTSMQ). To promote international and cross-cultural binge-watching research, the present article reports on the validation of these questionnaires in nine languages (English, French, Spanish, Italian, German, Hungarian, Persian, Arabic, Chinese). Both questionnaires were disseminated, together with additional self-report measures of happiness, psychopathological symptoms, impulsivity and problematic internet use among TV series viewers from a college/university student population (N = 12,616) in 17 countries. Confirmatory factor, measurement invariance and correlational analyses were conducted to establish structural and construct validity. The two questionnaires had good psychometric properties and fit in each language. Equivalence across languages and gender was supported, while construct validity was evidenced by similar patterns of associations with complementary measures of happiness, psychopathological symptoms, impulsivity and problematic internet use. The results support the psychometric validity and utility of the BWESQ and WTSMQ for conducting cross-cultural research on binge-watching.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
Additional Information: © 2020, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Uncontrolled Keywords: Binge-watching,Confirmatory factor analysis,Cross-cultural,Measurement invariance,Questionnaires,TV series,Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous),Human-Computer Interaction,Psychology(all)
Publication ISSN: 1873-7692
Last Modified: 14 May 2024 07:14
Date Deposited: 19 May 2020 12:42
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://linking ... 747563220301631 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2020-10
Published Online Date: 2020-05-16
Accepted Date: 2020-05-01
Authors: Flayelle, Maèva
Castro-calvo, Jesús
Vögele, Claus
Astur, Robert
Ballester-arnal, Rafael
Challet-bouju, Gaëlle
Brand, Matthias
Cárdenas, Georgina
Devos, Gaëtan
Elkholy, Hussien
Grall-bronnec, Marie
James, Richard J.e.
Jiménez-martínez, Martha
Khazaal, Yasser
Valizadeh-haghi, Saeideh
King, Daniel
Liu, Yueheng
Lochner, Christine
Steins-loeber, Sabine
Long, Jiang
Potenza, Marc N.
Rahmatizadeh, Shahabedin
Schimmenti, Adriano
Stein, Dan J.
Tóth-király, István
Tunney, Richard (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4673-757X)
Wang, Yingying
Zhai, Zu Wei
Maurage, Pierre
Billieux, Joël

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