Biomass pyrolysis TGA assessment with an international round robin


The large variations found in literature for the activation energy values of main biomass compounds (cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin) in pyrolysis TGA raise concerns regarding the reliability of both the experimental and the modelling side of the performed works. In this work, an international round robin has been conducted by 7 partners who performed TGA pyrolysis experiments of pure cellulose and beech wood at several heating rates. Deviations of around 20 – 30 kJ/mol were obtained in the activation energies of cellulose, hemicellulose and conversions up to 0.9 with beech wood when considering all experiments. The following method was employed to derive reliable kinetics: to first ensure that pure cellulose pyrolysis experiments from literature can be accurately reproduced, and then to conduct experiments at different heating rates and evaluate them with isoconversional methods to detect experiments that are outliers and to validate the reliability of the derived kinetics and employed reaction models with a fitting routine. The deviations in the activation energy values for the cases that followed this method, after disregarding other cases, were of 10 kJ/mol or lower, except for lignin and very high conversions. This method is therefore proposed in order to improve the consistency of data acquisition and kinetic analysis of TGA for biomass pyrolysis in literature, reducing the reported variability.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
Funding Information: Funding received from European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under grant agreement number 731101 (BRISK II) is gratefully acknowledged. The authors would like to acknowledge the contribution of Dr. Kyriakos Panopoulos (CERTH) in p
Additional Information: © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass,Fitting,Isoconversional,Pyrolysis,Round robin,TGA,Chemical Engineering(all),Fuel Technology,Energy Engineering and Power Technology,Organic Chemistry
Publication ISSN: 1873-7153
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2024 07:15
Date Deposited: 18 May 2020 07:18
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://www.sci ... 9984?via%3Dihub (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2020-09-15
Published Online Date: 2020-05-12
Accepted Date: 2020-04-30
Authors: Anca-Couce, Andrés
Tsekos, Christos
Retschitzegger, Stefan
Zimbardi, Francesco
Funke, Axel
Banks, Scott (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-4291-2572)
Kraia, Tzouliana
Marques, Paula
Scharler, Robert
de Jong, Wiebren
Kienzl, Norbert



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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