"Girls can't play": The effects of stereotype threat on females' gaming performance

Abstract

The current study examined the impact of stereotype threat on female online gamers' performance and further examined whether manipulating the availability of multiple social identities effectively eliminated these performance decrements. Further, participants' implicit attitudes towards female online gamers were assessed. Eighty-one participants (60 female) were assigned to one of four experimental conditions: 1), stereotype threat, 2), multiple social identities, 3), female control, and 4), male control. They completed an Implicit Association Test and a gaming task. The number of coins collected in a 5-min time period provided a measure of gameplay performance. Results indicated that stereotype threatened females underperformed on the gaming task relative to males in the control condition. The intervention of multiple social identities successfully protected females' gameplay performance from stereotype threat. Additionally, differences were found between conditions in implicit attitudes pertaining to gender-gaming competence. This research highlights the harmful effects of negative stereotypes on females' gaming performance, and suggests that these decrements may be eliminated when females identify with an alternative positive social identity.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.02.020
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
Additional Information: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publication ISSN: 1873-7692
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2024 08:14
Date Deposited: 13 May 2020 08:10
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://www.sci ... 747563216300723 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2016-06-01
Published Online Date: 2016-02-15
Accepted Date: 2016-02-05
Authors: Pennington, Charlotte (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-5259-642X)
Kaye, Linda K

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