Los estímulos contextuales visuales y auditivos impactan de manera diferenciada el control inhibitorio relacionado con el alcohol

Abstract

Representing a more immersive testing environment, the current study exposed individuals to both alcohol-related visual and auditory cues to assess their respective impact on alcohol-related inhibitory control. It examined further whether individual variation in alcohol consumption and trait effortful control may predict inhibitory control performance. Method: Twenty-five U.K. university students (Mage = 23.08, SD = 8.26) completed an anti-saccade eye-tracking task and were instructed to look towards (pro) or directly away (anti) from alcohol-related and neutral visual stimuli. Short alcohol-related sound cues (bar audio) were played on 50% of trials and were compared with responses where no sounds were played. Results: Findings indicate that participants launched more incorrect saccades towards alcohol-related visual stimuli on anti-saccade trials, and responded quicker to alcohol on pro-saccade trials. Alcohol-related audio cues reduced latencies for both pro- and anti-saccade trials and reduced anti-saccade error rates to alcohol-related visual stimuli. Controlling for trait effortful control and problem alcohol consumption removed these effects. Conclusion: These findings suggest that alcohol-related visual cues may be associated with reduced inhibitory control, evidenced by increased errors and faster response latencies. The presentation of alcohol-related auditory cues, however, appears to enhance performance accuracy. It is postulated that auditory cues may re-contextualise visual stimuli into a more familiar setting that reduces their saliency and lessens their attentional pull.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.1091
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
Additional Information: © 2018 The Authors Funding Information: This research was supported by an Alcohol Research UK small grant (SG 14/15 203). The funders had no role other than financial support.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alcohol consumption,Anti-saccade,Context effects,Effortful control,Inhibitory control,Medicine (miscellaneous),Psychiatry and Mental health
Publication ISSN: 2604-6334
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2024 07:15
Date Deposited: 13 May 2020 07:50
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://adiccion ... ticle/view/1091 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2021
Published Online Date: 2018-11-01
Accepted Date: 2018-07-03
Authors: Qureshi, Adam
Monk, Rebecca L
Pennington, Charlotte (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-5259-642X)
Li, Xiaoyun
Leatherbarrow, Thomas
Oulton, Jennifer R

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