Modelling, simulation and comparison of phase change material storage based direct and indirect solar organic Rankine cycle systems

Abstract

The thermodynamic performance of a novel direct solar organic Rankine cycle system and conventional indirect solar organic Rankine cycle system is compared in this study. The working fluid is vaporized directly in the solar collectors in direct solar organic Rankine cycle system while heat transfer fluid is used to vaporize the working in indirect solar organic Rankine cycle system. The evacuated flat plate collectors array covering a total aperture area of 150 m2 is employed as a heat source and a phase change material tank having a surface area of 25.82 m2 is used as thermal storage for both configurations. R245fa and water are chosen as heat transfer fluids for direct and indirect solar organic Rankine cycle systems, respectively. However, R245fa is used as a working fluid for both configurations. The performance of both configurations is compared by carrying out weekly, monthly and annual dynamic simulations in MATLAB by using hourly weather data of Islamabad, Pakistan. The direct solar organic Rankine cycle system outperforms the indirect solar organic Rankine cycle system in terms of thermal efficiency and net power. The annual system efficiency and an annual average net power of the direct solar organic Rankine cycle system are 71.96% and 64.38% higher than indirect solar organic Rankine cycle system respectively. However, average annual heat stored by phase change material during charging mode of indirect solar organic Rankine cycle system is 4.24 MJ more than direct solar organic Rankine cycle system. Conversely, direct solar organic Rankine cycle system has provided annual daily average power of 33.80 kW extra to heat transfer fluid during the discharging mode of phase change material storage. Furthermore, with phase change material storage, the capacity factor is increased by 17 % and 21.71 % on annual basis for direct and indirect solar organic Rankine cycle systems, respectively.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.114780
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Engineering and Technology > Mechanical, Biomedical & Design
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Additional Information: © 2019, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China (51806081), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20180882), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2018M632241) and the Open Foundation Program of Key Laboratory of Efficient Utilization of Low and Medium Grade Energy (Tianjin University), the Ministry of Education of China (201806-402).
Publication ISSN: 1873-5606
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://linking ... 359431119321982 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2020-04
Published Online Date: 2019-12-09
Accepted Date: 2019-12-06
Authors: Zeb Alvi, Jahan
Feng, Yongqiang
Wang, Qian
Imran, Muhammad (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-3057-1301)
Alvi, Junaid

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