Adolescent construction of mental illness: implications for engagement

Abstract

Aims Understanding how adolescents perceive mental illness is important for clinicians wishing to improve engagement, and for the development of educational programmes and health‐behaviour directed policies. The current research aimed to develop a preliminary model of how adolescents perceive mental illness and construct their understanding of mental health. Method Forty‐six participants aged 11–18 from six schools in Birmingham, UK, took part in one of 12 group interviews. Results A thematic analysis highlighted a dual perception of mental illness. Adolescents discussed stereotypes and extreme examples of illness, but also displayed an insightful understanding of mental distress which had developed through participants' own experiences. Participants attempted to reconcile and negotiate these conflicting perceptions by creating distinctions between concepts of ‘craziness’ and ‘normality’, and reported experiencing negative emotions relating to both perceptions of illness. Conclusions The findings suggest that once media stereotypes have been acknowledged, adolescents demonstrate a relatively sophisticated understanding of mental illness, although one which differed at times from the diagnostic medical model of mental illness. Focusing on individual symptoms, prevalence rates and prior contact adolescents have had with individuals with mental illnesses provides a framework to discuss mental health and ill‐health with adolescents.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/eip.12347
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
College of Health & Life Sciences > Applied Health Research Group
College of Health & Life Sciences
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Chisholm, K. , Patterson, P. , Greenfield, S. , Turner, E. and Birchwood, M. (2018), Adolescent construction of mental illness: implication for engagement and treatment. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 12: 626-636, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/eip.12347.  This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
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Related URLs: https://onlinel ... .1111/eip.12347 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2018-08-01
Published Online Date: 2016-05-11
Accepted Date: 2016-03-28
Authors: Chisholm, Katharine (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0575-0789)
Patterson, Paul
Greenfield, Sheila
Turner, Erin
Birchwood, Max

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