The Bari Manifesto:An interoperability framework for essential biodiversity variables


Essential Biodiversity Variables (EBV) are fundamental variables that can be used for assessing biodiversity change over time, for determining adherence to biodiversity policy, for monitoring progress towards sustainable development goals, and for tracking biodiversity responses to disturbances and management interventions. Data from observations or models that provide measured or estimated EBV values, which we refer to as EBV data products, can help to capture the above processes and trends and can serve as a coherent framework for documenting trends in biodiversity. Using primary biodiversity records and other raw data as sources to produce EBV data products depends on cooperation and interoperability among multiple stakeholders, including those collecting and mobilising data for EBVs and those producing, publishing and preserving EBV data products. Here, we encapsulate ten principles for the current best practice in EBV-focused biodiversity informatics as ‘The Bari Manifesto’, serving as implementation guidelines for data and research infrastructure providers to support the emerging EBV operational framework based on trans-national and cross-infrastructure scientific workflows. The principles provide guidance on how to contribute towards the production of EBV data products that are globally oriented, while remaining appropriate to the producer's own mission, vision and goals. These ten principles cover: data management planning; data structure; metadata; services; data quality; workflows; provenance; ontologies/vocabularies; data preservation; and accessibility. For each principle, desired outcomes and goals have been formulated. Some specific actions related to fulfilling the Bari Manifesto principles are highlighted in the context of each of four groups of organizations contributing to enabling data interoperability - data standards bodies, research data infrastructures, the pertinent research communities, and funders. The Bari Manifesto provides a roadmap enabling support for routine generation of EBV data products, and increases the likelihood of success for a global EBV framework.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Systems analytics research institute (SARI)
Funding Information: The work reported in this article has been performed by the GLOBal Infrastructures for Supporting Biodiversity research (GLOBIS-B) project ( ) funded by the European Union Horizon 2020 Programme, grant no. 654003 (2015 - 2018). W. Michener
Additional Information: ©2018 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cyberinfrastructure,Data products,E-infrastructure,Essential biodiversity variables,Informatics,Interoperability,Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics,Ecology,Modelling and Simulation,Ecological Modelling,Computer Science Applications,Computational Theory and Mathematics,Applied Mathematics
Publication ISSN: 1574-9541
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2024 08:32
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2019 10:22
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://www.sci ... 1961?via%3Dihub (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2019-01-01
Published Online Date: 2018-11-17
Accepted Date: 2018-11-15
Authors: Hardisty, Alex R.
Michener, William K.
Agosti, Donat
Alonso García, Enrique
Bastin, Lucy (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-1321-0800)
Belbin, Lee
Bowser, Anne
Buttigieg, Pier Luigi
Canhos, Dora A.L.
Egloff, Willi
De Giovanni, Renato
Figueira, Rui
Groom, Quentin
Guralnick, Robert P.
Hobern, Donald
Hugo, Wim
Koureas, Dimitris
Ji, Liqiang
Los, Wouter
Manuel, Jeffrey
Manset, David
Poelen, Jorrit
Saarenmaa, Hannu
Schigel, Dmitry
Uhlir, Paul F.
Kissling, W. Daniel



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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