Solar stills:a comprehensive review of designs, performance and material advances


The demand for fresh water production is growing day by day with the increase in world population and with industrial growth. Use of desalination technology is increasing to meet this demand. Among desalination technologies, solar stills require low maintenance and are readily affordable; however their productivity is limited. This paper aims to give a detailed review about the various types of solar stills, covering passive and active designs, single- and multi-effect types, and the various modifications for improved productivity including reflectors, heat storage, fins, collectors, condensers, and mechanisms for enhancing heat and mass transfer. Photovoltaic-thermal and greenhouse type solar stills are also covered. Material advances in the area of phase change materials and nanocomposites are very promising to enhance further performance; future research should be carried out in these and other areas for the greater uptake of solar still technology.

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Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Engineering and Technology > Mechanical, Biomedical & Design
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Sustainable environment research group
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Materials Research (AIMR)
Additional Information: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Uncontrolled Keywords: desalination,nanocomposites,performance,phase change materials,solar still,Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Publication ISSN: 1879-0690
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 07:10
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2019 10:08
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2016-09
Published Online Date: 2016-06-06
Accepted Date: 2016-05-17
Submitted Date: 2015-08-13
Authors: Dsilva Winfred Rufuss, D.
Iniyan, S.
Suganthi, L.
Davies, P.A. (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4783-1234)


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