Regulatory reform:distinguishing between mutual-benefit and public-benefit entities


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyse nonprofit regulation through comparing and contrasting mutual-benefit and public-benefit entities. It ascertains how these entities differ in size, publicness, tax benefits and whether these differences might suggest regulatory costs should be differentiated. Design/methodology/approach: This mixed-methods study utilises financial data, submissions and interviews. Findings: There are stark differences in these two types of regulated nonprofit entities. Members should be the primary monitoring agency/ies for mutual-benefit entities, but financial reports should be understandable to these members. Nevertheless, the availability of tax concessions, combined with the benefits of limited liability, suggest mutual-benefit entities should be regulated and monitored by government in a way sympathetic to their size. Research limitations/implications: As with most research, a limitation is this study’s focus on a single jurisdiction. Practical implications: The differences in these entities’ characteristics are important for designing regulation. Social implications: Better regulation is likely to require a standard set of financial reporting standards. Government has the right to demand disclosures due to benefits mutual-benefit entities enjoy. Originality/value: In comparison to studies utilising only public benefit data, this study uses unique datasets to compare public-benefit and mutual-benefit entities and presents nonprofit sector participant’s perceptions of these differences in context. This enables analysis of how better regulation could be achieved.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Accounting
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
Additional Information: Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited
Uncontrolled Keywords: Charities,Differentiated regulation,Membership entities,Nonprofit regulation,Public Administration,Strategy and Management
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Related URLs: https://www.eme ... -0148/full/html (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2019-09-02
Accepted Date: 2019-05-22
Authors: Cordery, Carolyn J. (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9511-7671)
Sim, Dalice



Version: Accepted Version

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