Sugar and cocoa: sweet synergy or bitter antagonisms. Formulating cocoa and chocolate products for health: a narrative review

Abstract

The potential health effects of cocoa flavanols are well described. Ranging from reducing risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease at population levels, moderating disease risk factors including endothelial function and lipid metabolism in clinical trials and mechanistic studies in laboratory studies highlighting target tissues and pathways. However, translating these benefits into public health messages is problematic, due to the high energy and sugar content of many cocoa products, including chocolate. This review considered the role of sugar in cocoa products, what are its physiological effects on bioavailability and bioactivity? Considering, then how cocoa products can be reformulated to reduce sugar intake, and the likely effects on beneficial effects of cocoa flavanols and consumer preferences. Ultimately, although interesting physiological effects are seen with cocoa flavanols, their use as a disease‐modifying commodities may be limited the effect such products may have within an individual's and populations overall dietary patterns.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.13651
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > Aston Medical School
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Mellor, D. D., Amund, D. , Georgousopoulou, E. and Naumovski, N. (2018), Sugar and cocoa: sweet synergy or bitter antagonisms. Formulating cocoa and chocolate products for health: a narrative review. Int J Food Sci Technol, 53: 33-42, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.13651.  This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Publication ISSN: 1365-2621
Last Modified: 06 May 2024 07:30
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2019 15:01
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Related URLs: https://onlinel ... 1111/ijfs.13651 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Review article
Published Date: 2018-01-01
Published Online Date: 2017-10-25
Accepted Date: 2017-10-05
Authors: Mellor, DD (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-1369-3868)
Amund, Daniel
Georgousopoulou, Ekavi
Naumovski, Nenad

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