Have mobile devices changed working patterns in the 21st Century? A time-diary analysis of work extension in the UK


It is commonly claimed that ubiquitous connectivity erodes the boundaries that once separated work from other aspects of life. Mobile devices in particular enable people to perform work-related activities anytime anywhere. Surprisingly, however, we know little about how people nationwide organise their daily working time over a period that has witnessed rapid technological change. Using the United Kingdom Time Use Surveys 2000 and 2015, covering this period of technological change, we studied work extension practices, and the links between work extension, total work hours and subjective time pressure. We found a significant, though small, increase in work extension, and evidence that it was significantly associated with time pressure in 2015, but not in 2000. Additionally, work extension increased total work hours, which was concentrated entirely in time working with a mobile device. We discuss our results in light of some taken-for-granted narratives about mobile devices allowing work to colonise life.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017017730529
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Sociology and Policy
Additional Information: © Sage 2017. The final publication is available via Sage at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0950017017730529
Uncontrolled Keywords: mobile devices,time pressure,time use data,work extension,work patterns,Accounting,Sociology and Political Science,Economics and Econometrics,Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Publication ISSN: 1469-8722
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2023 11:03
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2019 13:59
Full Text Link: http://eprints. ... se.ac.uk/84051/
Related URLs: https://journal ... 950017017730529 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2019-02-01
Published Online Date: 2017-10-26
Accepted Date: 2017-10-26
Authors: Mullan, Killian (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-0027-037X)
Wajcman, Judy



Version: Accepted Version

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