Securing a bioenergy future without imports


The UK has legally binding renewable energy and greenhouse gas targets. Energy from biomass is anticipated to make major contributions to these. However there are concerns about the availability and sustainability of biomass for the bioenergy sector. A Biomass Resource Model has been developed that reflects the key biomass supply-chain dynamics and interactions determining resource availability, taking into account climate, food, land and other constraints. The model has been applied to the UK, developing four biomass resource scenarios to analyse resource availability and energy generation potential within different contexts. The model shows that indigenous biomass resources and energy crops could service up to 44% of UK energy demand by 2050 without impacting food systems. The scenarios show, residues from agriculture, forestry and industry provide the most robust resource, potentially providing up to 6.5% of primary energy demand by 2050. Waste resources are found to potentially provide up to 15.4% and specifically grown biomass and energy crops up to 22% of demand. The UK is therefore projected to have significant indigenous biomass resources to meet its targets. However the dominant biomass resource opportunities identified in the paper are not consistent with current UK bioenergy strategies, risking biomass deficit despite resource abundance.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
Additional Information: Crown Copyright ©2014 Open access under CC BY license.
Publication ISSN: 1873-6777
Last Modified: 15 Apr 2024 07:31
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2019 15:34
Full Text Link: http://www.scop ... tnerID=MN8TOARS
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PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2014-05-01
Published Online Date: 2014-01-31
Authors: Welfle, A.
Gilbert, P.
Thornley, P. (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-0783-2179)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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