National security and surveillance:the public impact of the GCSB Amendment Bill and the Snowden revelations in New Zealand


In New Zealand, Edward Snowden’s revelations about the extraordinary scope of the National Security Agency’s surveillance capabilities and the facilitating role of the Five Eyes alliance converged with increasing public concerns about the Government Communications Security Bureau Amendment and Related Legislation Bill in 2013. This generated an intense and sustained debate in the country about surveillance policy. It was a debate in which Prime Minister John Key has featured prominently. While apparently unable to clearly refute Snowden’s claims concerning mass surveillance in New Zealand, Key’s vigorous public interventions helped counter the short-term political and diplomatic fallout. However, the long-term impact of public concerns over the surveillance policies of the Key government may be much harder to predict in what is an intimate democracy, and the prospect of substantial political blowback cannot be ruled out.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in Intelligence and National Security on 20 Oct 2015, available online at:
Publication ISSN: 0268-4527
Last Modified: 20 May 2024 07:22
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2018 14:20
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Related URLs: https://www.tan ... 27.2015.1095968 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2016
Published Online Date: 2015-10-20
Authors: Patman, Robert
Southgate, Laura (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-6011-7492)



Version: Accepted Version

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