Refugees, not economic migrants:Why do asylum seekers register in Hungary?


The article analyses why asylum‐seekers choose Hungary as an entry point to the European Union. Among the Central and Eastern European countries Hungary has been by far the most popular choice for asylum‐seekers between 2002 and 2016, yet surprisingly, it has been neglected by the literature. Using a panel dataset and fixed effects regressions, the article finds that beyond being ‘conveniently’ located on the Balkans migration route, variables related to Hungary's immigration policy are the most significant determinants of asylum‐seeker choices. The article finds no evidence to support recent claims by the Hungarian government that arrivals to the country are actually economic migrants and not asylum‐seekers; quite the contrary, the results indicate that on average asylum‐seekers entering Hungary are fleeing violent conflict in their countries of origin.

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Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Aston Centre for Europe
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Politics, History and International Relations
Additional Information: © 2018 The Authors. International Migration © 2018 IOM. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Tétényi, A. , Barczikay, T. and Szent‐Iványi, B. (2018), Refugees, not Economic Migrants ‐ Why do Asylum‐Seekers Register in Hungary?. Int Migr, which has been published in final form at  This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving. Funding: Emberi Eroforrások Minisztériuma. Grant Number: UNKP 17‐4
Uncontrolled Keywords: Demography
Publication ISSN: 1468-2435
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2024 07:43
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 11:22
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Related URLs: https://onlinel ... 1111/imig.12528 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2019-10-01
Published Online Date: 2018-11-18
Accepted Date: 2018-09-26
Authors: Tetenyi, Andras
Barczikay, Tamas
Szent-Iványi, Balázs (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-5883-4601)



Version: Accepted Version

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