Political Party Mortality in Established Party Systems:A Hierarchical Competing Risks Approach


Existing scholarship offers few answers to fundamental questions about the mortality of political parties in established party systems. Linking party research to the organization literature, we conceptualize two types of party death, dissolution and merger, reflecting distinct theoretical rationales. They underpin a new framework on party organizational mortality theorizing three sets of factors: those shaping mortality generally and those shaping dissolution or merger death exclusively. We test this framework on a new data set covering the complete life cycles of 184 parties that entered 21 consolidated party systems over the last five decades, resorting to multilevel competing risks models to estimate the impact of party and country characteristics on the hazards of both types of death. Our findings not only show that dissolution and merger death are driven by distinct factors, but also that they represent separate logics not intrinsically related at either the party or systemic level.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0010414018758764
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Politics, History and International Relations
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Aston Centre for Europe
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities
Additional Information: © Sage 2018. The final publication is available via Sage at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0010414018758764
Uncontrolled Keywords: competing risks models,established party systems,party system change,political party mortality,types of party death,Sociology and Political Science
Publication ISSN: 1552-3829
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2024 08:21
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2018 08:11
Full Text Link: https://ore.exe ... dle/10871/30739
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
http://journals ... 010414018758764 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2019-01-01
Published Online Date: 2018-03-21
Accepted Date: 2018-03-01
Authors: Bolleyer, Nicole
Correa, Patricia (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9363-6347)
Katz, Gabriel



Version: Accepted Version

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