Explaining variation in the implementation of global norms:Gender mainstreaming of security in the OSCE and the EU


Why do regional security organizations choose different approaches to implementing global gender norms? To address this question, we examine how the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the European Union (EU) integrated requirements derived from UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325) on women, peace and security into their security policies. We identify differences in scope and dynamics between the change processes in the two organizations. The OSCE simply adapted its existing gender policy and has not changed it since, whereas the EU introduced a new, more extensive and specific policy, which it has already amended several times. Drawing on historical institutionalism and feminist institutionalism, we found that, first, reform coalitions prepared the ground for gender mainstreaming in the organizations’ respective security policies; and that, second, embedded policy structures, including rules and norms about external interaction as well as existing policy legacies, were responsible for the different approaches of the EU and OSCE with respect to UNSCR 1325.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0192512118787429
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Politics, History and International Relations
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Aston Centre for Europe
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities
Additional Information: © Sage 2018. The final publication is available via Sage at http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0192512118787429
Uncontrolled Keywords: European Union (EU),Gender mainstreaming,Organization for Security and Cooperation (OSCE),UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (UNSCR 1325),feminist historical institutionalism,Sociology and Political Science,Political Science and International Relations
Publication ISSN: 0192-5121
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2024 08:13
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2018 07:35
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Related URLs: http://journals ... 192512118787429 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2019-11-01
Published Online Date: 2018-09-08
Accepted Date: 2018-09-01
Authors: Jenichen, Anne (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9787-5812)
Joachim, Jutta
Schneiker, Andrea



Version: Accepted Version

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