A Review of Arterial Phantom Fabrication Methods for Flow Measurement Using PIV Techniques


Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the western world. In the last three decades, fluid dynamics investigations have been an important component in the study of the cardiovascular system and CVD. A large proportion of studies have been restricted to computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling of blood flow. However, with the development of flow measurement techniques such as particle image velocimetry (PIV), and recent advances in additive manufacturing, experimental investigation of such flow systems has become of interest to validate CFD studies, testing vascular implants and using the data for therapeutic procedures. This article reviews the technical aspects of in-vitro arterial flow measurement with the focus on PIV. CAD modeling of geometries and rapid prototyping of molds has been reviewed. Different processes of casting rigid and compliant models for experimental analysis have been reviewed and the accuracy of construction of each method has been compared. A review of refractive index matching and blood mimicking flow circuits is also provided. Methodologies and results of the most influential experimental studies are compared to elucidate the benefits, accuracy and limitations of each method.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-018-2085-8
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences
College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Optometry > Optometry & Vision Science Research Group (OVSRG)
Additional Information: The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-018-2085-8
Publication ISSN: 1573-9686
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2024 07:27
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2018 10:18
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Related URLs: https://link.sp ... 0439-018-2085-8 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2018-11-15
Published Online Date: 2018-07-09
Accepted Date: 2018-06-25
Authors: Yazdi, Sina G.
Geoghegan, P. H. (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-1224-0477)
Docherty, P. D.
Jermy, Mark
Khanafer, Adib



Version: Accepted Version

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