Highly Ordered Titanium Dioxide Nanostructures via a Simple One Step Vapor Inclusion Method in Block Copolymer Films

Abstract

Nanostructured crystalline titanium dioxide (TiO2) finds applications in numerous fields such as photocatalysis or photovoltaics where its physical and chemical properties depend on its shape and crystallinity. We report a simple method of fabricating TiO2 nanowires by selective area deposition of titanium tetraisopropoxide (TTIP) and water in a CVD-based approach at low temperature by utilizing PS-b-PEO self-assembled block copolymer thin film as a template. Parameters such as exposure time to TTIP (minutes to hours), working temperature (~18 to 40 °C) and relative humidity (20 to 70 RH%) were systemically investigated through GISAXS, SEM and XPS and optimized for fabrication of TiO2 nanostructures. The resulting processing conditions yielded titanium dioxide nanowires with a diameter of 24 nm. An extra calcination step (400 – 700 °C) was introduced to burn off the remaining organic matrix and introduce phase change from amorphous to anatase in TiO2 nanowires without any loss in order.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsanm.8b00632
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Materials Research (AIMR)
Additional Information: Copyright © 2018 American Chemical Society
Publication ISSN: 2574-0970
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://pubs.ac ... /acsanm.8b00632 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2018-07-27
Published Online Date: 2018-06-18
Accepted Date: 2018-06-18
Authors: Giraud, Elsa Coline
Mokarian- Tabari, Parvaneh
Toolan, Daniel Thomas William
Arnold, Thomas
Smith, Andrew J.
Howse, Jonathan R
Topham, Paul D (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4152-6976)
Morris, Michael A.

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