Real-time observation of dissipative soliton formation in nonlinear polarization rotation mode-locked fibre lasers


Formation of coherent structures and patterns from unstable uniform state or noise is a fundamental physical phenomenon that occurs in various areas of science ranging from biology to astrophysics. Understanding of the underlying mechanisms of such processes can both improve our general interdisciplinary knowledge about complex nonlinear systems and lead to new practical engineering techniques. Modern optics with its high precision measurements offers excellent test-beds for studying complex nonlinear dynamics, though capturing transient rapid formation of optical solitons is technically challenging. Here we unveil the build-up of dissipative soliton in mode-locked fibre lasers using dispersive Fourier transform to measure spectral dynamics and employing autocorrelation analysis to investigate temporal evolution. Numerical simulations corroborate experimental observations, and indicate an underlying universality in the pulse formation. Statistical analysis identifies correlations and dependencies during the build-up phase. Our study may open up possibilities for real-time observation of various nonlinear structures in photonic systems.

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Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Photonics Technology (AIPT)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Systems analytics research institute (SARI)
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit licenses/by/4.0/. © The Author(s) 2018 Funding: We acknowledge the support from National Natural Science Fund of China (11434005, 11621404, 11561121003, 61775059 and 11704123) and the Russian Science Foundation (grant no. 17-72-30006). D. V. C. is supported by Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation (project 14.Y26.31.0017)
Publication ISSN: 2399-3650
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2024 07:26
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2018 07:30
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Related URLs: https://www.nat ... -018-0022-7.pdf (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2018-05-31
Accepted Date: 2018-04-18
Authors: Peng, Junsong
Sorokina, Mariia (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-6082-0316)
Sugavanam, Srikanth
Tarasov, Nikita (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0583-8449)
Churkin, Dmitry V.
Turitsyn, Sergei K. (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-0101-3834)
Zeng, Heping



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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