Student perspective on outcomes and process:Recommendations for implementing competency-based medical education


Purpose: Competency-based medical education (CBME) seeks to prepare undergraduate and postgraduate trainees for clinical practice. Its major emphasis is on outcomes, but questions about how best to reach these remain. One key issue is the need to integrate what matters most to students when setting educational goals: this is crucial if we are to design curricula that trainees understand and engage with, and that promote successful achievement of competencies. Method: We interviewed medical students in years 4 and 6 of a 6-year medical degree and used thematic analysis to understand their main educational priorities and how these fit with the aims of CBME. Results: Two major themes emerged: features of content and process. For content, students wanted clear guidance on what constitutes competence, finding broad outcome statements abstract and difficult to understand as novices. They also attach critical importance to features of process such as being welcomed, included in clinical teams and being known personally – these promote motivation, understanding, and professional development. Conclusions: We present recommendations for those designing CBME curricula to emphasize the student perspective: what kind of guidance on outcomes is required, and features of process that must not be neglected if competence is to be achieved.

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Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > Aston Medical School
Additional Information: © 2018 Informa UK Limited, publishing as Taylor & Francis. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Medical Teacher on 20/3/2018, available online: Funding:University of Edinburgh Principal’s Teaching Award Scheme
Uncontrolled Keywords: Learning Outcomes,Outcome Based < Curriculum,Medicine < Profession,Clinical < Teaching & Learning,Education environment < Curriculum
Publication ISSN: 1466-187X
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2024 07:25
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2018 14:05
Full Text Link: https://www.tan ... 9X.2018.1450496
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PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2019-02-01
Published Online Date: 2018-03-20
Accepted Date: 2018-03-19
Authors: Storrar, Neill
Hope, David
Cameron, Helen (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-2798-2177)



Version: Accepted Version

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