From self-defeating to other defeating:Examining the effects of leader procrastination on follower work outcomes


This research examines the influence of leader procrastination on employee attitudes and behaviours. While previous studies have typically viewed procrastination as a form of self-defeating behaviour, this research explores its effects on others in the workplace. In Study 1, using data collected from 290 employees, we demonstrate the discriminant and relative predictive validity of leader procrastination on leadership effectiveness compared with laissez-faire leadership and directive leadership. In Study 2, based on dyadic data collected in three phases from 250 employees and their 23 supervisors, we found that leader procrastination was associated with follower discretionary behaviour (organizational citizenship behaviour and deviant behaviour). Additionally, job frustration was found to mediate the relationship between leader procrastination and follower outcomes. The quality of the leader-follower relationship, as a boundary condition, was shown to mitigate the detrimental effects of leader procrastination. Together, the findings suggest that leader procrastination is a distinct form of negative leadership behaviour that represents an important source of follower job frustration. Practitioner points: Leader procrastination is different from laissez-faire and directive leadership and can be detrimental to followers. Job frustration mediates the relationship between leader procrastination and follower discretionary behaviour. Organizations should facilitate high-quality LMX relationships as a method for mitigating the negative effects of leader procrastination.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Work & Organisational Psychology
Additional Information: © 2018 The Authors. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of the British Psychological Society This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Discretionary behaviour,Job frustration,Laissez-faire leadership,Leader procrastination,Leader-member exchange,Leadership effectiveness,Applied Psychology,Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Publication ISSN: 0963-1798
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2024 07:13
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2018 09:45
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://bpspsyc ... 1111/joop.12205 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2018-06-01
Published Online Date: 2018-02-26
Accepted Date: 2018-01-25
Authors: Legood, Alison (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-5292-0405)
Lee, Allan
Schwarz, Gary
Newman, Alexander



Version: Accepted Version

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Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives

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