Using Weighted Goal Programming Model for Planning Regional Sustainable Development to Optimal Workforce Allocation:An Application for Provinces of Iran


Due to the urbanization and economic growth, planning of regional sustainable development has become one of the major challenges in the world. The key indicators such as gross domestic product (GDP), electricity and energy consumption and greenhouse gas emission (GHG) are considered in sustainable development planning. This paper determines number of required workforce in diferent sectors of each province in Iran considering targets/goals for sustainable development indicators in the 2030 macroeconomic and regional planning. First, the relative goals are designed for GDP, electricity, energy and GHG emission and then, two weighted goal programming models are applied to allocate the optimal workforce among four sectors: agriculture, industry, services and transportation. The frst model minimizes recruitment of new workforce and allows current workforce exchange among the four sectors in each province in order to achieve the goals, while the second model indicates equitable distribution of new workforce recruitment in diferent sectors within each province. In both models, the workforce changes have been investigated based on achieving the desirable growth rates of GDP, GHG, electricity and energy consumption as planned by the government. Based on the results of this paper, policy makers can manage workforce and the government can make optimized decisions to macroeconomic and regional planning.

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Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Operations & Information Management
Additional Information: © 2018 Springer Publishing. This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Social Indicators Research. The final authenticated version is available online at:
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sustainable development,Weighted goal programming,Regional planning ,Optimal workforce allocation
Publication ISSN: 1573-0921
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2024 07:14
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2018 10:10
Full Text Link: http://link.spr ... 1205-018-1868-5
Related URLs: https://www.sco ... dee27caab9a50c7 (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2019-02-15
Published Online Date: 2018-02-20
Accepted Date: 2018-02-18
Authors: Omrani, Hashem
Valipour, Mahsa
Emrouznejad, Ali (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-8094-4244)



Version: Accepted Version

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