Classical strong metal–support interactions between gold nanoparticles and titanium dioxide


Supported metal catalysts play a central role in the modern chemical industry but often exhibit poor on-stream stability. The strong metal–support interaction (SMSI) offers a route to control the structural properties of supported metals and, hence, their reactivity and stability. Conventional wisdom holds that supported Au cannot manifest a classical SMSI, which is characterized by reversible metal encapsulation by the support upon high-temperature redox treatments. We demonstrate a classical SMSI for Au/TiO2, evidenced by suppression of CO adsorption, electron transfer from TiO2 to Au nanoparticles, and gold encapsulation by a TiOx overlayer following high-temperature reduction (reversed by subsequent oxidation), akin to that observed for titania-supported platinum group metals. In the SMSI state, Au/TiO2 exhibits markedly improved stability toward CO oxidation. The SMSI extends to Au supported over other reducible oxides (Fe3O4 and CeO2) and other group IB metals (Cu and Ag) over titania. This discovery highlights the general nature of the classical SMSI and unlocks the development of thermochemically stable IB metal catalysts.

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Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
Additional Information: Copyright © 2017 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works. Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC). Funding: This work was supported by National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFA0202801 and 2016YFA0202804), the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (XDB17020100), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21776270, 21476232, and 21303184), and the Department of Science and Technology of Liaoning Province (2015020086-101). B.Z. acknowledges the financial support provided by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (91545119), the Youth Innovation Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) (2015152), and the Strategic Priority Research Program of the CAS (XDA09030103).
Publication ISSN: 2375-2548
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2023 10:37
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2018 16:15
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Related URLs: http://advances ... /sciadv.1700231 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2017-10-13
Accepted Date: 2017-09-18
Authors: Tang, Hailian
Su, Yang
Zhang, Bingsen
Lee, Adam F.
Isaacs, Mark A.
Wilson, Karen (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4873-708X)
Li, Lin
Ren, Yuegong
Huang, Jiahui
Haruta, Masatake
Qiao, Botao
Liu, Xin
Jin, Changzi
Su, Dangsheng
Wang, Junhu
Zhang, Tao


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