Clinical pharmacists in general practice:An initial evaluation of activity in one English primary care organisation


Objectives: This aim of this research was to characterise the breadth and volume of activity conducted by clinical pharmacists in general practice in Dudley Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), and to provide quantitative estimates of both the savings in general practitioner (GP) time and the financial savings attributable to such activity. Methods: This descriptive observational study retrospectively analysed quantitative data collected by Dudley CCG concerning the activity of clinical pharmacists in GP practices during 2015. Key findings: Over the 9-month period for which data were available, the 5.4 whole time equivalent clinical pharmacists operating in GP practices within Dudley CCG identified 23 172 interventions. Ninety-five per cent of the interventions identified were completed within the study period saving the CCG in excess of £1 000 000. During the 4 months for which resource allocation data were available, the clinical pharmacists saved 628 GP appointments plus an additional 647 h that GPs currently devote to medication review and the management of repeat prescribing. Conclusions: This research suggests that clinical pharmacists in general practice in Dudley CCG are able to deliver clinical interventions efficiently and in high volume. In doing so, clinical pharmacists were able to generate considerable financial returns on investment. Further work is recommended to examine the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of clinical pharmacists in general practice in improving outcomes for patients.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > Aston Pharmacy School
College of Health & Life Sciences
College of Health & Life Sciences > Chronic and Communicable Conditions
Additional Information: Copyright © 2017 by John Wiley & Sons. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Clinical pharmacists in general practice: An initial evaluation of activity in one English primary care organisation Bush, J., Langley, C. A., Jenkins, D., Johal, J. & Huckerby, C. 27 Dec 2017 In : International Journal of Pharmacy Practice. 6 p.], which has been published in final form at]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving. Funding: NHS Institute for InnovationChallenge
Uncontrolled Keywords: Clinical pharmacists,English National Health Service,General practice,General practitioners,Primary care,Pharmacy,Pharmaceutical Science,Health Policy,Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Publication ISSN: 2042-7174
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2024 07:37
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2018 16:50
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://onlinel ... 1111/ijpp.12426 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2018-11-27
Published Online Date: 2017-12-27
Accepted Date: 2017-11-22
Submitted Date: 2016-11-29
Authors: Bush, Joseph (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9224-8051)
Langley, Christopher A. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0178-3778)
Jenkins, Duncan
Johal, Jaspal
Huckerby, Clair



Version: Accepted Version

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