In-line Mach-Zehnder interferometer with D-shaped fiber grating for temperature-discriminated directional curvature measurement

Abstract

A high-sensitivity curvature sensing configuration is implemented by using a fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) with D-shaped fiber Bragg grating (FBG). A segment of D-shaped fiber is fusion spliced into a single mode fiber at both sides, and then a short FBG is inscribed in the D-shaped fiber. The fiber device yields a significant spectrum sensitivity as high as 87.7 nm/m -1 to the ultralow curvature range from 0 to 0.3 m -1 , and can distinguish the orientation of curvature experienced by the fiber as the attenuation dip producing either a blue or red wavelength shift, by virtue of the asymmetry of D-shaped fiber cladding. In addition, by tracking both resonant wavelengths of the MZI and embedded FBG, the temperature and curvature can be measured simultaneously.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/JLT.2017.2776297
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Informatics and Digital Engineering > Electrical and Electronic Engineering
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Aston Institute of Photonics Technology (AIPT)
Additional Information: © 2017 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works. Funding: This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 61505165 and 61775182, in part by the Natural Science Basic Research Plan in Shaanxi Province of China under Grant 2016JQ6032, and in part by Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships in the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant 660648.
Uncontrolled Keywords: curvature measurement,D-shaped fiber,fiber Bragg grating (FBG),Fiber gratings,Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI),Optical fiber sensors,Optical fibers,Temperature measurement,Temperature sensors,Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
Publication ISSN: 1558-2213
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://ieeexpl ... ocument/8119788 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2018-02-01
Published Online Date: 2017-11-24
Accepted Date: 2017-11-19
Authors: Jiang, Biqiang
Bai, Zhiyong
Wang, Changle
Zhao, Yunhe
Zhao, Jianlin
Zhang, Lin (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-1691-5577)
Zhou, Kaiming (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-6011-1912)

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