Ethnic pluralism, immigration and entrepreneurship


This paper considers the effects of immigration and ethnicity on entrepreneurship, distinguishing between the individual traits and the environmental characteristics. It looks beyond the resource-opportunity framework and occupational choice: culture and values matter. Yet, instead of assigning the latter to specific ethnic features, they are related here to both immigration and to the social environment defined by the share of immigrants, and by ethnic diversity. Empirical evidence provided in this paper is based on Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) UK data, 2003–13. Having more immigrants in the locality enhances entrepreneurship. With an increase in ethnic diversity the likelihood of being engaged in start-up activity decreases then increases.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Economics, Finance & Entrepreneurship
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Work & Organisational Psychology
College of Business and Social Sciences > School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Centre for Critical Inquiry into Society and Culture (CCISC)
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
Additional Information: © 2017 Informa UK Limited, publishing as Taylor & Francis. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Regional Studies on 28/11/17, available online:
Uncontrolled Keywords: entrepreneurship,migration,ethnicity,diversity,United Kingdom,Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM),Business, Management and Accounting(all),Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
Publication ISSN: 1360-0591
Last Modified: 07 May 2024 07:11
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2017 12:45
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.tand ... 04.2017.1405157 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2019-01-01
Published Online Date: 2017-11-28
Accepted Date: 2017-11-09
Authors: Mickiewicz, Tomasz M (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-5261-5662)
Hart, Mark (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-0402-4128)
Nyakudya, Frederick
Theodorakopoulos, Nicholas (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-2262-0054)



Version: Accepted Version

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