To pay or not to pay? Business owners’ tax morale:testing a neo-institutional framework in a transition environment


In order to understand how the environment influences business owner/managers’ attitudes towards tax morale, we build a theoretical model based on a neo-institutionalist framework. Our model combines three complementary perspectives on institutions—normative, cultural–cognitive and regulatory–instrumental. This enables a broader understanding of factors that influence business owner–managers’ attitudes towards tax evasion. We test the resulting hypotheses using regression analysis on survey data on business owner/managers in Latvia—a transition country, which has undergone massive institutional changes since it was part of the Soviet Union over 25 years ago. We find that legitimacy of the tax authorities and the government (normative dimension), feeling of belonging to the nation (cultural–cognitive dimension) and perceptions of the risk and severity of punishment (regulatory–instrumental dimension) are all associated with higher tax morale for business owners and managers.

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Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Economics, Finance & Entrepreneurship
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Uncontrolled Keywords: entrepreneurship,informal economy,identity,institutions,new institutionalism,business owners/managers,tax evasion,tax morale,trust,Business and International Management,Business, Management and Accounting(all),Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous),Economics and Econometrics,Law
Publication ISSN: 1573-0697
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2023 10:27
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2017 15:00
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://link.sp ... 0551-017-3623-2 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2019-06-20
Published Online Date: 2017-07-18
Accepted Date: 2017-06-23
Submitted Date: 2016-02-17
Authors: Mickiewicz, Tomasz (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-5261-5662)
Rebmann, Anna (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-7766-1101)
Sauka, Arnis



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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