Genotype–phenotype mapping implications for genetic programming representation:commentary on “On the mapping of genotype to phenotype in evolutionary algorithms” by Peter A. Whigham, Grant Dick, and James Maclaurin


This comment refers to the article available at doi:10.1007/s10710-017-9288-x. Here we comment on the article “On the mapping of genotype to phenotype in evolutionary algorithms,” by Peter A. Whigham, Grant Dick, and James Maclaurin. The article reasons about analogies from molecular biology to evolutionary algorithms and discusses conditions for biological adaptations in the context of grammatical evolution, which provide a useful perspective to GP practitioners. However, the connection of the listed implications for GP is not sufficiently convincing for the reader . Therefore this commentary will (1) examine the proposed principles one by one, challenging the authors to provide more supporting evidence where felt that this was needed, and (2) propose a methodical way to GP practitioners to apply these principles when designing GP representations.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: ?? 50811700Jl ??
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Systems analytics research institute (SARI)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
Additional Information: © The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
Uncontrolled Keywords: genotype–phenotype mapping,practical guidelines for GP representation design,representation,Theoretical Computer Science,Software,Hardware and Architecture,Computer Science Applications
Publication ISSN: 1573-7632
Last Modified: 06 May 2024 07:18
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2017 14:15
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Letter
Published Date: 2017-09
Published Online Date: 2017-02-24
Accepted Date: 2017-02-24
Authors: Ekárt, Anikó (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-6967-5397)
Lewis, Peter R. (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4271-8611)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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