Do gender and year of study affect the ability of the theory of planned behaviour to predict binge-drinking intentions and episodes?

Abstract

Background: The present study tested the utility of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), augmented with anticipated regret, as a model to predict binge-drinking intentions and episodes among female and male undergraduates and undergraduates in different years of study. Method: Undergraduate students (N = 180, 54 males, 126 females, 60 per year of study) completed baseline measures of demographic variables, binge-drinking episodes (BDE), TPB constructs and anticipated regret. BDE were assessed one-week later. Results: The TPB accounted for 60% of the variance in female undergraduates' intentions and 54% of the variance in male undergraduates' intentions. The TPB accounted for 57% of the variance in intentions in first-year undergraduates, 63% of the variance in intentions in second-year undergraduates and 68% of the variance in intentions in final-year undergraduates. Follow-up BDE was predicted by intentions and baseline BDE for female undergraduates as well as second- and final-year undergraduates. Baseline BDE predicted male undergraduates’ follow-up BDE and first-year undergraduates’ follow-up BDE. Conclusion: Results show that while the TPB constructs predict undergraduates’ binge-drinking intentions, intentions only predict BDE in female undergraduates, second- and final-year undergraduates. Implications of these findings for interventions to reduce binge drinking are outlined.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2016.1257564
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Work & Organisational Psychology
College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Psychology
College of Health & Life Sciences > Applied Health Research Group
College of Health & Life Sciences
College of Health & Life Sciences > Chronic and Communicable Conditions
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy on 23/11/16, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/09687637.2016.1257564
Uncontrolled Keywords: alcohol,binge drinking,gender,regret,TPB,year of study,Health(social science),Medicine (miscellaneous)
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2018
Published Online Date: 2016-11-23
Accepted Date: 2016-11-02
Authors: Barratt, John M.
Cooke, Richard (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-0476-6284)

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