On the thermal stabilization of carbon-supported SiO2 catalysts by phosphorus:evaluation in the oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene and a comparison with relevant catalysts


A strategy to enhance the thermal stability of C/SiO2 hybrids for the O2-based oxidative dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene (ST) by P addition is proposed. The preparation consists of the polymerization of furfuryl alcohol (FA) on a mesoporous precipitated SiO2. The polymerization is catalyzed by oxalic acid (OA) at 160 °C (FA:OA = 250). Phosphorous was added as H3PO4 after the polymerization and before the pyrolysis that was carried out at 700 °C and will extend the overall activation procedure. Estimation of the apparent activation energies reveals that P enhances the thermal stability under air oxidation, which is a good indication for the ODH tests. Catalytic tests show that the P/C/SiO2 hybrids are readily active, selective and indeed stable in the applied reactions conditions for 60 h time on stream. Coke build-up during the reaction attributed to the P-based acidity is substantial, leading to a reduction of the surface area and pore volume. The comparison with a conventional MWCNT evidences that the P/C/SiO2 hybrids are more active and selective at high temperatures (450–475 °C) while the difference becomes negligible at lower temperature. However, the comparison with reference P/SiO2 counterparts shows a very similar yield than the hybrids but more selective to ST. The benefit of the P/C/SiO2 hybrid is the lack of stabilization period, which is observed for the P/SiO2 to create an active coke overlayer. For long term operation, P/SiO2 appears to be a better choice in terms of selectivity, which is crucial for commercialization.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2016.01.024
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
Additional Information: © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: ethylbenzene,styrene,oxidative dehydrogenation,carbon-based catalysts,phosphorus,thermal stability,Catalysis,Process Chemistry and Technology
Publication ISSN: 1873-3875
Last Modified: 29 Apr 2024 07:14
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2016 12:10
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2016-03-25
Published Online Date: 2016-01-21
Accepted Date: 2016-01-19
Submitted Date: 2015-11-29
Authors: Zarubina, Valeriya
Talebi, Hesamoddin
Jansma, Harrie
Góra-Marek, Kinga
Nederlof, Christian
Kapteijn, Freek
Makkee, Michiel
Melián-Cabrera, Ignacio (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-5132-6743)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial

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