Between global ambitions and local change:how multi-level cooperation advances norm implementation in weak states


The purpose of this article is to investigate in which ways multi-level actor cooperation advances national and local implementation processes of human rights norms in weak-state contexts. Examining the cases of women’s rights in Bosnia and Herzegovina and children’s rights in Bangladesh, we comparatively point to some advantages and disadvantages cooperative relations between international organisations, national governments and local NGOs can entail. Whereas these multi-level actor constellations (MACs) usually initiate norm implementation processes reliably and compensate governmental deficits, they are not always sustainable in the long run. If international organisations withdraw support from temporary missions or policy projects, local NGOs are not able to perpetuate implementation activities if state capacities have not been strengthened by MACs. Our aim is to highlight functions of local agency within multi-level cooperation and to critically raise sustainability issues in human rights implementation to supplement norm research in International Relations.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Politics & International Relations
School of Social Sciences & Humanities
School of Social Sciences & Humanities > Aston Centre for Europe
Additional Information: This is a pre-print of an article published in Journal of International Relations and Development. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Jenichen, A., & Schapper, A. (2015). Between global ambitions and local change: how multi-level cooperation advances norm implementation in weak states. Journal of international relations and development, Advance online, is available online at:
Uncontrolled Keywords: cooperation,development,human rights,post-conflict, weak states,Social Sciences(all)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2017-01-01
Published Online Date: 2015-02-20
Accepted Date: 2015-02-19
Authors: Jenichen, Anne (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-9787-5812)
Schapper, Andrea



Version: Accepted Version

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