Counter-stereotypes reduce emotional intergroup bias by eliciting surprise in the face of unexpected category combinations


In three experiments we investigated the impact that exposure to counter-stereotypes has on emotional reactions to outgroups. In Experiment 1, thinking about gender counter-stereotypes attenuated stereotyped emotions toward females and males. In Experiment 2, an immigrant counterstereotype attenuated stereotyped emotions toward this outgroup and reduced dehumanization tendencies. Experiment 3 replicated these results using an alternative measure of humanization. In both Experiments 2 and 3 sequential meditational analysis revealed that counter-stereotypes produced feelings of surprise which, in turn, elicited a cognitive process of expectancy violation which resulted in attenuated stereotyped emotions and an enhanced use of uniquely human characteristics to describe the outgroup. The findings extend research supporting the usefulness of counter-stereotype exposure for reducing prejudice and highlight its positive impact on intergroup emotions.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
Additional Information: © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Uncontrolled Keywords: counter-stereotype,dehumanization,intergroup emotion,multiple categorization,surprise,Social Psychology,Sociology and Political Science
Publication ISSN: 1096-0465
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2024 07:17
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2015 11:30
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2015-11
Published Online Date: 2015-06-27
Authors: Prati, Francesca
Crisp, Richard J.
Rubini, Monica

Export / Share Citation


Additional statistics for this record