People consider reliability and cost when verifying their autobiographical memories


Because memories are not always accurate, people rely on a variety of strategies to verify whether the events that they remember really did occur. Several studies have examined which strategies people tend to use, but none to date has asked why people opt for certain strategies over others. Here we examined the extent to which people's beliefs about the reliability and the cost of different strategies would determine their strategy selection. Subjects described a childhood memory and then suggested strategies they might use to verify the accuracy of that memory. Next, they rated the reliability and cost of each strategy, and the likelihood that they might use it. Reliability and cost each predicted strategy selection, but a combination of the two ratings provided even greater predictive value. Cost was significantly more influential than reliability, which suggests that a tendency to seek and to value "cheap" information more than reliable information could underlie many real-world memory errors.

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Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Acta Psychologica. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Wade, KA, Nash, RA & Garry, M, 'People consider reliability and cost when verifying their autobiographical memories' Acta Psychologica, vol 146 (2014) DOI
Uncontrolled Keywords: autobiographical memory,false memory,information-cost trade-off,verifying strategies,Experimental and Cognitive Psychology,Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous),Developmental and Educational Psychology
Publication ISSN: 0001-6918
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2024 07:12
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2015 14:35
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2014-02
Published Online Date: 2013-12-24
Authors: Wade, Kimberley A.
Nash, Robert A. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-2284-2001)
Garry, Maryanne



Version: Accepted Version

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