Truthiness and falsiness of trivia claims depend on judgmental contexts


When people rapidly judge the truth of claims presented with or without related but nonprobative photos, the photos tend to inflate the subjective truth of those claims-a "truthiness" effect (Newman et al., 2012). For example, people more often judged the claim "Macadamia nuts are in the same evolutionary family as peaches" to be true when the claim appeared with a photo of a bowl of macadamia nuts than when it appeared alone. We report several replications of that effect and 3 qualitatively new findings: (a) in a within-subjects design, when people judged claims paired with a mix of related, unrelated, or no photos, related photos produced truthiness but unrelated photos had no significant effect relative to no photos; (b) in a mixed design, when people judged claims paired with related (or unrelated) and no photos, related photos produced truthiness and unrelated photos produced "falseness;" and

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Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences
Additional Information: © APA. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Uncontrolled Keywords: cognitive fluency,photographs,truth judgments,truthiness,Experimental and Cognitive Psychology,Language and Linguistics,Linguistics and Language
Publication ISSN: 1939-1285
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2024 07:16
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2015 12:35
Full Text Link: http://psycnet. ... /2015-13956-001
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2015-09-01
Published Online Date: 2015-03-30
Authors: Newman, Eryn J.
Garry, Maryanne
Unkelbach, Christian
Bernstein, Daniel M.
Lindsay, D. Stephen
Nash, Robert A. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-2284-2001)



Version: Accepted Version

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