A CFD study of biomass pyrolysis in a downer reactor equipped with a novel gas-solid separator-II thermochemical performance and products


A Eulerian-Eulerian CFD model was used to investigate the fast pyrolysis of biomass in a downer reactor equipped with a novel gas-solid separation mechanism. The highly endothermic pyrolysis reaction was assumed to be entirely driven by an inert solid heat carrier (sand). A one-step global pyrolysis reaction, along with the equations describing the biomass drying and heat transfer, was implemented in the hydrodynamic model presented in part I of this study (Fuel Processing Technology, V126, 366-382). The predictions of the gas-solid separation efficiency, temperature distribution, residence time and the pyrolysis product yield are presented and discussed. For the operating conditions considered, the devolatilisation efficiency was found to be above 60% and the yield composition in mass fraction was 56.85% bio-oil, 37.87% bio-char and 5.28% non-condensable gas (NCG). This has been found to agree reasonably well with recent relevant published experimental data. The novel gas-solid separation mechanism allowed achieving greater than 99.9% separation efficiency and < 2 s pyrolysis gas residence time. The model has been found to be robust and fast in terms of computational time, thus has the great potential to aid in future design and optimisation of the biomass fast pyrolysis process.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2015.01.002
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
Additional Information: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Fuel processing technology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Yu, X, Hassan, M, Ocone, R & Makkawi, Y, 'A CFD study of biomass pyrolysis in a downer reactor equipped with a novel gas–solid separator-II: thermochemical performance and products' Fuel processing technology, vol. 133 (2015) DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2015.01.002 Funding: Leverhulme Trust grant (RPG-410)
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomass,CFD modeling,downer reactor,fast pyrolysis,Fuel Technology,Energy Engineering and Power Technology,Chemical Engineering(all)
Publication ISSN: 1873-7188
Last Modified: 19 Apr 2024 07:11
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2015 09:35
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2015-05
Published Online Date: 2015-01-23
Authors: Yu, Xi (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-3574-6032)
Hassan, Mohamed
Ocone, Raffaella
Makkawi, Yassir (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4971-5878)



Version: Accepted Version

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