Fast pyrolysis processing of surfactant washed Miscanthus


Miscanthus × giganteus was subjected to pre-treatment with deionised water, hydrochloric acid or Triton X-100 surfactant, and subsequently fast pyrolysed in a fluidised bed reactor at 535 °C to obtain bio-oil. Triton X-100 surfactant was identified as a promising pre-treatment medium for removal of inorganic matter because its physicochemical nature was expected to mobilise inorganic matter in the biomass matrix. The influence of different concentrations of Triton X-100 pre-treatment solutions on the quality of bio-oil produced from fast pyrolysis was studied, as defined by a single phase bio-oil, viscosity index and water content index. The highest concentration of Triton X-100 surfactant produced the best quality bio-oil with high organic yield and low reaction water content. The calculated viscosity index from the accelerated ageing test showed that bio-oil stability improved as the concentration of Triton X-100 increased.

Publication DOI:
Divisions: College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > Energy and Bioproducts Research Institute (EBRI)
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences
College of Engineering & Physical Sciences > School of Infrastructure and Sustainable Engineering > Chemical Engineering & Applied Chemistry
Additional Information: Copyright 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license. Funding: EPSRC (EP/E039995/1: SUPERGEN Biomass Biofuels and Energy Crops II Core).
Uncontrolled Keywords: ash,bio-oil stability,biomass pre-treatment,fast pyrolysis,miscanthus,Fuel Technology,Energy Engineering and Power Technology,Chemical Engineering(all)
Publication ISSN: 1873-7188
Last Modified: 06 May 2024 07:10
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2014 11:10
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2014
Published Online Date: 2014-07-05
Authors: Banks, S.W. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-4291-2572)
Nowakowski, D.J. (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-8056-5316)
Bridgwater, A.V. (ORCID Profile 0000-0001-7362-6205)



Version: Published Version

License: Creative Commons Attribution

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