Heparanase and COX-2 expression as predictors of lymph node metastasis in large, high-grade breast tumors


Background/Aim: Heparanase (HPA) contributes to breast cancer metastasis by facilitating the breakdown of the basement membrane and extracellular matrix. High expression of HPA is thought to be associated with increased nodal involvement and poor survival in patients with breast cancer. Overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in breast cancer is associated with indicators of poor prognosis such as lymph node metastasis, poor differentiation, and large tumor size. The underlying mechanism by which HPA and COX-2 overexpression increases the metastatic potential of breast cancer is not fully-understood. To enhance our understanding over these mechanisms, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the size of the tumor and HPA expression, tumor grade as well as lymph node status in patients with breast cancer. Materials and Methods: Immunohistochemical analysis of HPA and COX-2 expression was performed on 246 breast tumor samples. The expression of HPA was correlated with COX-2 expression, tumor grade, lymph node status, oestrogen receptor status. Results: The overexpression of HPA and COX-2 was associated with increased likelihood of lymph node positivity in large, high-grade tumors. High-grade tumors with size greater than 20 mm, that overexpressed HPA, were 4-times more likely to be associated with lymph node involvement (OR 4.71, CI 1.21-18.25). Whereas, tumors greater than 20 mm in size were 5-times more likely to metastasize to the regional lymph nodes, if associated with overexpression of COX-2 (OR 5.5, CI 1.2-24.8). Conclusion: Expression of HPA appears to be a key mechanism by which large, highgrade breast tumors metastasize to regional lymph nodes, while COX-2 overexpression may be an independent predictor of lymph node positivity.

Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > Chronic and Communicable Conditions
College of Health & Life Sciences
College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Biosciences
College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Biosciences > Cell & Tissue Biomedical Research
Additional Information: Copyright© 2014 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.
Uncontrolled Keywords: breast cancer,heparanase,lymph nodes,tumor grade,Cancer Research,Oncology
Publication ISSN: 1791-7530
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2024 07:11
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2014 09:25
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
http://ar.iiarj ... 6/2797.abstract (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2014-06-30
Authors: Gawthorpe, Stephanie
Brown, James E. (ORCID Profile 0000-0002-3504-7373)
Arif, Muhammad
Nightingale, Peter
Nevill, Alan
Carmichael, Amtul R.



Version: Published Version

| Preview

Export / Share Citation


Additional statistics for this record