Performance-based vs socially supportive culture:a cross-national study of descriptive norms and entrepreneurship


This paper is a cross-national study testing a framework relating cultural descriptive norms to entrepreneurship in a sample of 40 nations. Based on data from the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness project, we identify two higher-order dimensions of culture – socially supportive culture (SSC) and performance-based culture (PBC) – and relate them to entrepreneurship rates and associated supply-side and demand-side variables available from the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. Findings provide strong support for a social capital/SSC and supply-side variable explanation of entrepreneurship rate. PBC predicts demand-side variables, such as opportunity existence and the quality of formal institutions to support entrepreneurship.

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Divisions: College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School > Economics, Finance & Entrepreneurship
College of Business and Social Sciences > Aston Business School
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Journal of international business studies. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Stephan, U., & Uhlaner, L. M. (2010). Performance-based vs socially supportive culture: A cross-national study of descriptive norms and entrepreneurship. Journal of international business studies, 41(8), 1347-1364 is available online at:
Uncontrolled Keywords: comparative entrepreneurship,national culture,GLOBE,descriptive norms,institutional theory,social capital
Publication ISSN: 1478-6990
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2024 07:11
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2014 10:33
Full Text Link: http://www.palg ... ibs201014a.html
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PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2010
Authors: Stephan, Ute (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4514-6057)
Uhlaner, Lorraine M.



Version: Accepted Version

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