Factors affecting corneoscleral topography


PURPOSE: To evaluate factors affecting corneoscleral profile (CSP) using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (AS-OCT) in combination with conventional videokeratoscopy. METHODS: OCT data were collected from 204 subjects of mean age 34.9 years (SD: ±15.2 yrs, range 18 to 65) using the Zeiss Visante AS-OCT and Medmont M300 corneal topographer. Measurements of corneal diameter (CD), corneal sagittal height (CS), iris diameter (ID), corneoscleral junction angle (CSJ) and scleral radius (SR) were extracted from multiple OCT images. Horizontal visible iris diameter (HVID) and vertical palpebral aperture (PA) were measured using a slit lamp graticule. Subject body height was also measured. Associations were then sought between CSP variables and age, height, ethnicity, sex and refractive error data collected. Results: Significant correlations were found between age and ocular topography variables of HVID, PA, CSJ, SR and ID (P<0.0001), while height correlated with HVID, CD and ID, and power vector terms only with vertical plane keratometry, CD and CS. Significant differences were noted between ethnicities with respect to CD (P=0.0046), horizontal and vertical CS (P=0.0068 and P=0.0095), and also horizontal ID (P=0.0010), while the same variables, with the exception of vertical CS, also varied with sex; horizontal CD (P=0.0018), horizontal CS (P=0.0018) and ID (P=0.0012). Age accounted for up to 36% of the variance in CSP variables. Conclusion: Age is the main factor influencing corneoscleral topography; consequently, this should be taken into consideration in contact lens design, in the optimization of surgical procedures involving the cornea and sclera and in IOL selection.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.13-11657
Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Optometry > Optometry
College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Optometry > Optometry & Vision Science Research Group (OVSRG)
College of Health & Life Sciences
College of Health & Life Sciences > School of Optometry > Vision, Hearing and Language
Additional Information: Copyright 2013 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc
Uncontrolled Keywords: corneoscleral profile,corneal topography,OCT
Publication ISSN: 1552-5783
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2024 07:10
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2013 14:33
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.iovs ... ntent/54/5/3691 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2013-04-02
Published Online Date: 2013-04-02
Authors: Hall, Lee
Hunt, Chris
Young, Graeme
Wolffsohn, James (ORCID Profile 0000-0003-4673-8927)

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