The effects of nitrogen mustard on plasma membrane function


The antitumour bifunctional alkylating agent nitrogen mustard (HN2) inhibited the unidirectional influx of the potassium congener, 86 rubidium, into murine PC6A plasmacytoma cells and L1210 leukaemia cells. The proliferation of L1210 cells in vitro was characterised and shown to be sentitive to HN2. 86Rubidium influx into cells from rapidly-dividing cultures was more sensitive to inhibition by HN2 than that of cells from stationary cultures. Three components of unidirectional 86Rb+ & K+ influx into proliferating L1210 cells were identified pharmacologically: approximately 40% was active to the Na+ K+ ATPase inhibitor ouabain (10-3M), 40% was sensitive to the `loop' diuretics bumetanide (10-4M) and furosemide (10-3M) and the remainder was insensitive to both ouabain and furosemide. HN2 (10-5M) selectively inhibited the diuretic-sensitive component, which was entirely dependent upon extracellular Na+ and Cl- ions, and was presumed to represent Na+ K+ Cl- cotransport activity. The system did not mediate K+ /K+ exchange or unidirectional 86Rb+ efflux; accordingly, 86Rb+ efflux was insensitive to HN2. Inhibition of 86Rb & K+ influx by 10-5M HN2 was accompanied by approximately 35% of cell volume under isosmotic conditions; thus intracellular Na+ and K+ concentrations remained unchanged. These effects followed lethal damage to the cells but preceded actual cell death; other cellular functions were maintained including accumulation of cycloleucine, transmembrane potential, permeability to trypan blue, intracellular pH, total intracellular glutathione and calcium concentrations. No evidence was found that elevated cAMP levels or reduced ATP levels were involved in modulation of 86Rb+ & K+ influx. However, the Na+ - depedent transport of an amino acid was inhibited in a manner which appeared to be independent of 86Rb & K+ influx. An HN2-resistant L1210R cell line was also resistant to furosemide, and lacked a component of 86Rb+ & K+ influx which was sensitive to furosemide (10-3M). The results strongly suggest that the Na+ K+ Cl- costransporter of L1210 cells is a cellular target for HN2. This lesion is discussed with reference to the cytotoxic effects of the agent.

Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences
Additional Information: Department: Pharmaceutical Sciences Digitised thesis available via EThOS
Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: nitrogen mustard,plasma membrane function
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2024 07:29
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2011 11:33
Completed Date: 1987
Authors: Wilcock, Carol


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