The Preparation and Properties of some Pyrazolo/1, 5-c/Pyramidines and Pyrazolo/1, 5-c/quinazolines


Four types of pyrazolopyrimidines can theoretically exist. Pyrazolo |3,4-d| pyrimidines and pyrazolo|4, 3-d|pyrimidines do not contain a bridgehead nitrogen atom, and their syntheses and properties are reported elsewhere. Pyrazolo||,5-alpyrimidines and pyrazolo|1,5-c|pyrimidines contain a nitrogen atom, common to both the pyrazole and pyrimidine rings. The syntheses and properties of pyrazolo|1,5-al|pyrimidines are comprehensively reviewed here. Pyrazoto|1,5-c|pyrimidines were, at the commencement of this work, unreported in the literature (the ring index refers to this heterocycle, but the subject of the reference therein is a pyrazolo||,5-a| pyrimidine ) but in 1972 a synthesis of this ring system was reported and some electrophilic substitution reactions were mentioned. These are reported in the introduction. The preparations of pyrazolo||,5-a|quinazolines and pyrazolo|1,5-c| quinazolines, the tricyclic analogues of the fused pyrimidines mentioned above, are reviewed here, partly because of their similarity to the pyrazolopyrimidines structurally, but also because of the biological activities (psychomotor depression and antibacterial activity) reported for the|1,5-c¦series. Many references to the preparation and properties of pyrazolo|1,5-a| pyrimidines mention biological activity; antiimflammatory, analgesic, anti-tumour activities are reported. Derivatives of pyrazoles from which these compounds are synthesised have for many years been recognised to possess anti-inflammatory activity but anti-tumour properties have also been attributed to some derivatives: which include the fused pyrazolo|3,4-d| pyrimidines 124 Pyrazolo|4,3-d|pyrimidines also possess biological activity and their syntheses are reported elsewhere. It seemed desirable then to inovate the synthesis of pyrazolo|1,5-c| pyrimidines for two reasons; a) this heterocycle was unreported in the literature b) since other pyrazolopyrimidines possess biological activity, the possibility of activity in the pyrazolo|1,5-clpyrimidines should be investigated. (Biological reports have not yet been received). The great activity of the C- and N- glycosides of many heterocyclic compounds suggests that the ribosylation of pyrazolo|1,5-c|pyrimidines and pyrazolo|1,5-c|quinazol ines might produce compounds of greater potency, and therefore, the activity of these heterocycles to electrophilic reagents was investigated experimentally. A successful route to pyrazolo|1,5-c|pyrimidines from S5-Tormy |-5— methy lpyrazole was obtained. A route from 4-methylpyrimidines was less successful. 2-methy Ipyrazolo|1,5-c|quinazoline was prepared essentially by methods reported in the literature and the novel 2-hydroxy derivative was obtained by a similar procedure. Electrophilic substitution was possible only with the stronger electrophiles (No2, Br2, +CHO). 2-Hydroxy pyrazolo|1,5-c|quinazoline appeared to be less reactive to electrophiles than the 2-methy! derivative, and was less stable in dilute acid. Ring cleavage occurred over a period of thirty minutes.

Divisions: College of Health & Life Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright © Morris, 1975. P.R. Morris asserts their moral right to be identified as the author of this thesis. This copy of the thesis has been supplied on condition that anyone who consults it is understood to recognise that its copyright rests with its author and that no quotation from the thesis and no information derived from it may be published without appropriate permission or acknowledgement. If you have discovered material in Aston Publications Explorer which is unlawful e.g. breaches copyright, (either yours or that of a third party) or any other law, including but not limited to those relating to patent, trademark, confidentiality, data protection, obscenity, defamation, libel, then please read our Takedown Policy and contact the service immediately
Institution: Aston University
Uncontrolled Keywords: preparation,properties,pyrazolo/1,5-c/pyramidines,5-c/quinazo-lines
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2023 08:03
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2011 15:26
Completed Date: 1973
Authors: Morris, Peter R.

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