Assessing the effects of vegetable consumption on the psychological health of healthy adults: a systematic review of prospective research

Tuck, Nicola-Jayne, Farrow, Claire and Thomas, Jason M (2019). Assessing the effects of vegetable consumption on the psychological health of healthy adults: a systematic review of prospective research. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 110 (1), pp. 196-211.

Abstract

Background To alleviate the immense health and economic burden of mental illness, modifiable targets to promote psychological health are required. Emerging evidence suggests that both fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption may play an important role. However, the precise contribution of vegetable consumption, which may represent a more potent target than the consumption of fruit, has received little attention. Objectives This review aimed to synthesize and evaluate research investigating the effects of vegetable consumption on mental health and psychological well-being in nonclinical, healthy adult populations. We aimed to provide insight into the causal relation between vegetable consumption and these outcomes. Methods Only studies with prospective or experimental data were included. The survey of the literature was last implemented on 1 February, 2019. Results Ten eligible studies were identified, with a total sample size of n = 33,645, that measured vegetable intake separately from fruit, or combined this with fruit intake. Where studies explored the independent effects of fruit and vegetable consumption on psychological health (n = 3), 2 reported a preferential effect of vegetables (compared with fruit) on psychological well-being, whereas 1 reported a superior effect of fruit intake on odds reduction of symptoms of depression. More broadly, there was evidence that consuming the recommended amount of F&V (and exceeding this) was associated with increased psychological well-being. However, the effects of F&V consumption on mental health symptoms were inconsistent. Conclusions Increased F&V consumption has a positive effect on psychological well-being and there appears to be a preferential effect of vegetables (compared with fruit) from the limited data examined. The effect of F&V intake on mental health is less clear and, at present, there are no clear data to support a preferential effect of vegetable intake on mental health outcomes. Hence, additional research is warranted to investigate the influence of vegetables, compared with fruit, on psychological health in order to inform nutrition-based interventions. This review was registered at www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero as CRD42017072880.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz080
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Psychology
Life & Health Sciences > Applied Health Research Group
Life & Health Sciences
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition following peer review. The version of record Nicola-Jayne Tuck, Claire Farrow, Jason M Thomas, Assessing the effects of vegetable consumption on the psychological health of healthy adults: a systematic review of prospective research, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqz080
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fruit,Mental health,Psychological well-being,Systematic review,Vegetables,Medicine (miscellaneous),Nutrition and Dietetics
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: https://academi ... /nqz080/5509908 (Publisher URL)
http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
Published Online Date: 2019-06-01
Published Date: 2019-07-01
Authors: Tuck, Nicola-Jayne
Farrow, Claire ( 0000-0003-3745-6610)
Thomas, Jason M ( 0000-0001-7013-8994)

Download

[img]

Version: Accepted Version

Access Restriction: Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 June 2020.


Export / Share Citation


Statistics

Additional statistics for this record