Profiling prejudice: Elucidating the socio-cognitive mechanisms underpinning implicit bias

Abstract

Borne out of the limitations posed by self-report questionnaires, social psychologists developed implicit measures capable of assessing people’s unconscious prejudicial attitudes (e.g., the Implicit Association Test). Recent meta-analytic reviews, however, indicate that the relationship between explicit (self-report) and implicit attitudes is relatively low, and implicit attitudes rarely predict actual behaviour. This has led researchers to call for innovative ways to measure the key processes underlying implicit prejudice. Driven by this, the current study examined the relationships between implicit racial prejudice and various other measures of implicit socio-cognitive abilities. In a within-participants design, 250 participants (Mage = 20 years, 89% female, 64% White) completed measures assessing implicit racial bias, visual perspective taking, imitative tendencies, empathy, and emotion processing. Findings indicate how perspective taking skills, imitative tendencies, empathic awareness and emotion recognition predict implicit racial bias. Moreover, different racial groups (White, Black, Asian) exhibit diverse patterns of implicit racial bias. Prejudice is a significant social issue and exploring ways to detect and eliminate bias is fundamentally important to communities and organisations.

Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Psychology
Event Title: Society of Australasian Social Psychologists (SASP) Annual Conference, 2019
Event Type: Other
Event Dates: 2019-04-25 - 2019-04-27
PURE Output Type: Abstract
Published Date: 2019-04-22
Authors: Pennington, Charlotte ( 0000-0002-5259-642X)
Shaw, Daniel Joel ( 0000-0003-1139-8301)

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