Microvascular function and oxidative stress in adult individuals with early onset of cardiovascular disease

Abstract

The current study aims to investigate retinal vascular function and its relationship with systemic anti-oxidative defence capacity in normal individuals versus those with early hypertensive changes according to the current ESC/ESH guidelines. Retinal microvascular function was assessed in 201 participants by means of dynamic retinal vessel analysis. Blood pressure, lipid panel, oxidized (GSH) & reduced glutathione (GSSG) were also evaluated for each participant. Individuals classed as grade 1 hypertension demonstrated higher retinal arterial baseline diameter fluctuation (p = 0.0012), maximum dilation percentage (p = 0.0007), time to maximum constriction (p = 0.0003) and lower arterial constriction slope (p = 0.0131). Individuals classed as high normal and grade 1 hypertension also demonstrated higher time to maximum dilation than individuals classed as optimal or normal. GSH levels correlated negatively with SBP, DBP and MBP values in all participants (p = 0.0010; p = 0.0350 and p = 0.0050) as well as with MBP values in high normal and grade 1 hypertension (p = 0.0290). The levels of GSSG correlated positively with SBP, DBP and MBP values in all participants (p = 0.0410; p = 0.0330 and, p = 0.0220). Our results point to the fact that microvascular alterations can be identifiable at BP values still considered within normal values and go in parallel with the changes observed in the level of oxidative stress.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60766-0
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Optometry
Aston Medical School
Aston Medical School > Translational Medicine Research Group (TMRG)
Life & Health Sciences > Ophthalmic Research Group
Life & Health Sciences > Vision, Hearing and Language
Life & Health Sciences
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Uncontrolled Keywords: General
Full Text Link:
Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2020-03-17
Accepted Date: 2020-01-29
Authors: Shokr, Hala
Dias, Irundika H.K. ( 0000-0002-6620-8221)
Gherghel, Doina ( 0000-0001-9439-5573)

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