Estimation of time delay by coherence analysis

Abstract

Using coherence analysis (which is an extensively used method to study the correlations in frequency domain, between two simultaneously measured signals) we estimate the time delay between two signals. This method is suitable for time delay estimation of narrow band coherence signals for which the conventional methods cannot be reliably applied. We show, by analysing coupled Rössler attractors with a known delay, that the method yields satisfactory results. Then, we apply this method to human pathologic tremor. The delay between simultaneously measured traces of electroencephalogram (EEG) and electromyogram (EMG) data of subjects with essential hand tremor is calculated. We find that there is a delay of 11-27 milli-seconds (ms) between the tremor correlated parts (cortex) of the brain (EEG) and the trembling hand (EMG) which is in agreement with the experimentally observed delay value of 15 ms for the cortico-muscular conduction time. By surrogate analysis we calculate error bars of the estimated delay.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physa.2004.11.043
Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Mathematics
Engineering & Applied Sciences > Systems analytics research institute (SARI)
Engineering & Applied Sciences
Additional Information: © 2005, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coherence,Spectral methods,Time delay,Time series,Statistics and Probability,Condensed Matter Physics
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://www.sci ... 502X?via%3Dihub (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2005-05-15
Authors: Govindan, R. B.
Raethjen, J.
Kopper, F.
Claussen, J. C. ( 0000-0002-9870-4924)
Deuschl, G.

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