Highly sensitive torsion sensor with femtosecond laser-induced low birefringence single-mode fiber based Sagnac interferometer

Abstract

A highly sensitive optical fiber torsion sensor with femtosecond laser-induced low birefringence SMF-based Sagnac interferometer (SI) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated in this paper. A straight-line waveguide positioned horizontally with respect to the fiber core is inscribed by the femtosecond laser in the cladding of the SMF, which leads to the asymmetry stress distribution in the SMF, and then gives rise to the low birefringence in the SMF. Compared with most of the previous reported SI based torsion sensors, there is no splicing joint in the femtosecond laser-induced low birefringence SMF-based SI, which lowers the transmission loss and makes the SI based torsion sensor more robust simultaneously. The experiment result shows that the proposed torsion sensor exhibits a torsion sensitivity of up to 3.2562 nm/degree, with the high torsion resolution of 0.003 degree. In contrast, the temperature cross-sensitivity and strain cross-sensitivity of the proposed torsion sensor are low, to −0.000055 degree/°C and 0.000013 degree/με, respectively, thus overcoming the cross-sensitivity problem resulting from temperature and strain. Moreover, theoretical analysis are carried out to compare with the experimental results to demonstrate the feasibility and good consistency.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.004563
Divisions: Engineering & Applied Sciences > Electrical, Electronic & Power Engineering
Engineering & Applied Sciences
Engineering & Applied Sciences > Aston Institute of Photonics Technology
Additional Information: An OSA-formatted open access journal article PDF may be governed by the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement signed by the author and any applicable copyright laws. Authors and readers may use, reuse, and build upon the article, or use it for text or data mining without asking prior permission from the publisher or the Author(s), as long as the purpose is non-commercial and appropriate attribution is maintained.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
https://www.osa ... ri=oe-26-4-4563 (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2018-02-19
Accepted Date: 2018-02-09
Authors: Huang, Bo
Shu, Xuewen

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