Increased expression of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway in murine myotubes by proteolysis-inducing factor (PIF) is associated with activation of the transcription factor NF-kappa B

Abstract

Proteolysis-inducing factor (PIF), isolated from a cachexia-inducing murine tumour, has been shown to stimulate protein breakdown in C 2C12 myotubes. The effect was attenuated by the specific proteasome inhibitor lactacystin and there was an elevation of proteasome 'chymotrypsin-like' enzyme activity and expression of 205 proteasome α-subunits at concentrations of PIF between 2 and 16 nM. Higher concentrations of PIF had no effect. The action of PIF was attenuated by eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) (50 μM). At a concentration of 4 nM, PIF induced a transient decrease in IκBα levels after 30 min incubation, while no effect was seen at 20 nM PIF. The level of IκBα, an NF-κB inhibitory protein, returned to normal after 60 min. Depletion of IκBα from the cytosol was not seen in myotubes pretreated with EPA, suggesting that the NF-κB/IκB complex was stabilised. At concentrations between 2 and 8 nM, PIF stimulated an increased nuclear migration of NF-κB, which was not seen in myotubes pretreated with EPA. The PIF-induced increase in chymotrypsin-like enzyme activity was also attenuated by the NF-κB inhibitor peptide SN50, suggesting that NF-κB may be involved in the PIF-induced increase in proteasome expression. The results further suggest that EPA may attenuate protein degradation induced by PIF, at least partly, by preventing NF-κB accumulation in the nucleus. © 2003 Cancer Research UK.

Publication DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6601132
Divisions: Life & Health Sciences > Pharmacy
Life & Health Sciences > Chronic and Communicable Conditions
Life & Health Sciences
Additional Information: From twelve months after its original publication, this work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ To obtain permission to re-use content from this article visit RightsLink
Uncontrolled Keywords: cachexia,EPA,NF-κB,proteasome expression,protein catabolism,proteolysis-inducing factor,Cancer Research,Oncology
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Related URLs: http://www.scop ... tnerID=8YFLogxK (Scopus URL)
http://www.natu ... s/6601132a.html (Publisher URL)
PURE Output Type: Article
Published Date: 2003-09-15
Authors: Whitehouse, A.S.
Tisdale, Michael J.

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